Isn't all depression the same? Not at all. There are different types of depression that vary in intensity.
Here are the nine most common types of depression you should know about.
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1. Major Depression
The most common type of depression is called major or severe depression which affects about 7 percent of U.S. adults.
A person may only experience one major episode of severe depression during his or her lifetime.
Here are the primary symptoms:
-Lack of energy
-Sleeping too much or too little
-Feelings of guilt
-Thoughts of suicide
To be diagnosed with severe depression these symptoms must last for at least two weeks.
Treatment for major depression includes antidepressants and talk therapy.
2. Mild Depression or Dysthymia
This is a sort of low-grade depression that tends to be less severe than major depression. Symptoms usually last for a year or more.
It affects about 2 percent of the U.S. population. If not treated, mild depression suffers may be at risk for developing major depression.
Symptoms of mild depression include:
-Trouble with focus and concentration
-Changes in sleep habits
This depression usually responds better to talk therapy than to medications. Although combining medication with talk therapy may lead to the greatest symptom improvement.
People with dysthymia may also be at risk for episodes of major depression.
3. Postpartum Depression
The result of one study involving 10,000 women who've recently given birth claim that 1 out of 7 moms struggle with this form of depression.
It is important for moms who've recently given birth to be screened for depression so treatment can begin immediately. The odd thing is that postpartum depression can happen weeks to months after childbirth.
Postpartum depression symptoms include many of the typical depression symptoms but also include feelings of being disconnected from the baby, fears of hurting the baby and even the desire to do self-harm.
4. Seasonal Affective Disorder or Seasonal Depression
The winter months can be brutal on your mental health. For the 6 percent of Americans suffering from Seasonal Affective Disorder will experience feelings of increasing depression, irritability, weight gain, fatigue and even anxiety.
Insufficient sunlight due to shorter days during the hard, cold winter months.
Fortunately, symptoms usually lift when spring rolls around. SAD can be treated with light therapy or artificial light treatment.
5. Atypical Depression
Atypical depression can often go under diagnosed even though it may be one of the most common forms depression.
Atypical depression symptoms are characterized specifically by heaviness in the arms and legs, oversleeping, overeating, weight gain.
Atypical Depression may be linked to situational depression meaning depressive symptoms often lighten with improved circumstances.
6. Psychotic Depression
Psychotic depression is a combination of major depressive disorder (major depression) and psychotic delusions.
According to studies, as many as 20 percent of depression sufferers are diagnosed with having hallucinations, seeing and hearing things that aren't there.
This is one of the most severe forms of depression. But a combination of talk therapy and anti-psychotic medications are used to treat it.
7. Bipolar Disorder
If you experience periods of emotional highs followed by deep lows you may have Bipolar depression or manic depressive disorder.
A person with bipolar depression may alternate between emotional extremes (mania) and depression a few times a year.
Fortunately, Bipolar depression is entirely manageable.
8. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder(PMDD)
Women are twice as likely as men experience depression of any type. But thanks to PMDD, a kind of depression that strikes during the second half of a woman's menstrual cycles. An average of 5 percent of women experiences PMDD.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder can totally distrust a woman's ability to function properly in daily life. For more info on PMDD read the article Depression in Women.
9. Treatment-Resistant Depression
This frustrating form of depression happens when a sufferer has tried two or more antidepressant meds back to back with no symptom relief. But there are surprising and promising treatment options. Click here to read more.
If you suspect that you're depressed get in contact with a mental health care expert to for a complete diagnosis for type and intensity of your depression.
I hope this article:" 9 Different Types of Depression You Should Know About" helps you on your journey to better mental health!
Brighter skies are ahead,